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发表于 2018-5-15 10:27:46 |显示全部楼层
成考复习步骤及小窍门
成人高考考前复习都可以分为三个阶段。
(1)第一阶段(3 月-7 月)的主要任务是全面复习,夯实基础。这个阶段,要按照考试大
纲所列复习考试内容,全面系统地复习基础知识,对基本概念与基本原理狠下功夫,对两者
的理解要深、透,不留死角。复习基础知识时要讲究方法,注意各知识点的归纳与类比、分
析与综合,注意各知识点之间纵向与横向的联系,建立基础知识框架,总体把握基础知识的
脉络。
(2)第二阶段(8 月-9 月)的主要任务是重点复习,强化练习。这个阶段,要抓住复习重
点,加强考试热点、常考知识点的复习,同时强化练习,掌握基本方法、基本技能,提高解
题能力。
(3)第三阶段(9 月底-10 月初)的主要任务是冲刺复习,模拟测试。这个阶段,在重点
复习的同时,要进行模拟测试。通过模拟测试能发现自己的薄弱环节,从而拾遗补缺,针对
薄弱环节重点复习。同时,通过模拟测试,有利于熟悉考试情景,合理安排答题时间,调整
应考心理,从而提高应试能力。
那具体科目该如何把握复习阶段和考试答题呢?诀窍是:
文科:记忆要善于“抓大放小” 文科科目很多记忆的内容来不得半点含糊,目前要充分利用一切可以利用的时间来突击这些内容。记忆的内容要注意“抓大放小”,不能“胡子眉毛一把抓”。在最后这段时间里,不
要纠缠于细微的知识点,而是要抓住大的方面。例如每个章节的重点问题及主要观点,起码
要在脑中形成一个整体的知识框架,看到题目就知道该到哪一部分去找答案。
理科:反复练习提高速度
在谈到理科的最后复习时,老师们普遍认为,在冲刺阶段,理科要注意练习,提高计算
能力。根据以往经验,有的考生会做题目,但是运算太慢,结果影响了发挥。另外做题目不
要盲目,不必做太多,要精选做题,每套题做完后要分析总结,吃透后再做下一套,反复练
习纠错,才能真正提高。在做题的过程中,如果发现自己的某个知识点还没有掌握,要立即
查漏补缺。
语文:今年作文将做重大调整
从每年的考试状况看,很多平时成绩不错的考生在考场上都会把握不准考试时间,尤其
以作文为甚,经常写不完。作为成考考生,很多都有社会工作经验,届时只须正常发挥,表
现出一定的思想深度,就可以取得不错的分数。与往年不同的是,今年的成人高考作文题将
做调整,以前成人高考作文题一般是定题目,限制体裁,但今年作文题改为“自选动作”,作
文题只是给出一个话题,考生自己定题,自己立意,自定体裁,完全不受限制,这么调整的
目的是给考生更大的发挥空间。这种题型在成人高考的语文试卷中首次使用,考生相对比较
陌生,考生在平常要多练习这方面的写作能力。


写作文时要把握好文章主旨,无论任何文体,都要把握其中心思想;此外,重点理解材料内
涵;第三,作文要有一定深度。
数学:答题时遇到难题就放弃
首先要注意复习概念。大纲是所有考生都需要彻底理一遍的首要复习材料。所有的概念
都须搞清记熟,查漏补缺。在做题的时候,要强调做题质量。从 9 月份开始,做题是考生
这一段时间必须勤加练习的重要内容。综合题、模拟题、历年真题都是最后阶段的必练题目。

这一段时间必须勤加练习的重要内容。综合题、模拟题、历年真题都是最后阶段的必练题目。
从近几年的数学题来看,没有很难的题,考题以常规题为主,只要考生能够将常规题答
准确,一般就能够拿到 120 分左右。英语:注意多做练习题从《考试大纲》来看,语音题
占 7%,词汇语法题占 27%,完型填空占 13%,阅读理解占 40%,短文写作占 13%。
考生要想在成考中取得好成绩,必须在最后阶段多做练习题,同时多看英文书报,这样提高
词汇量。通过做题,可以体会到写作者的思路,并领会出题人的思路。需要提醒考生的是,
在做题的过程中,如果发现自己的答案与标准答案不符,这时考生就不要固执地坚持自己的
理解,要调整自己的思路。复习语法知识时,不能只顾记忆语法知识,要通过做题发现出题
人是通过什么方式来考某一个知识点的。
在谈到做阅读理解题时,要想在阅读理解题得高分,还是需要掌握大量的词汇。在答阅
读题的时候,先初步浏览一遍文章,在阅读的过程中,遇到某一个关键词、专业名词、或者
作者的某一个观点,考生就应该特别注意,这些一般会成为考试的对象。有的考生在答题的
时候,喜欢反复看文章,这样会影响答题效率,一般看一遍文章就可以开始答题了。最后,
在谈到短文写作时,写作题不会很难,一般就是写封信、或者介绍某个地方、或者描述一个
场景。只要考生动笔写了,没有单词、语法错误,都能够得分。再有,考生一定要注意时间
分配。考生一定要训练自己 15 分钟完成完型填空,10—15 分钟完成一篇阅读理解,这样
才能合理分配整个考试时间。
政治:善于结合时事复习
政治考的内容为四块:马克思主义哲学原理(占 28%)、毛泽东思想概论(占 28%)、邓
小平理论概论(37%)、时事政治(占 7%)。在最后复习阶段,要注意记忆并准确地理解马
克思主义哲学原理、毛泽东思想概论、邓小平理论概论中的基本概念和基本原理,否则就很
难下笔答题。其次,适当做一些模拟题,即运用马克思主义哲学原理、毛泽东思想概论、邓
小平理论概论的基本原理,来分析、认识建设有中国特色社会主义过程中的实际问题,这部
分内容主要以简答、辨析题的方式来考。
在谈到时事政治的复习时,考核的时事政治内容为 2011 年 7 月至 2012 年 6 月的国
际、国内重大事件,考生不要刻意去背很多时事政治,要善于抓住重大事件,并对其中一些
国内外的重大事件、政策方针和热点问题,善于运用马克思主义哲学原理、毛泽东思想概论、
邓小平理论概论以及“三个代表”思想进行剖析,这样才能够在这门功课中拿高分。冲刺阶段
复习小窍门
其一:根据试题比重复习。在考生拿到的复习教材中,一般都附有《考试大纲》,在每门功
课的《考试大纲》中,则注明了每章的知识点和各种题型在试卷中所占的比重和分值,考生
可对照大纲进行复习;其二:注意每个章节的总序和总结。每个章节的总序和结语涵盖了本
章最重要、最主要的内容;其三:临考前晚浏览书本。把自己平时的每一本习题册都翻一翻,
看的时候不用太细致,而只需要浏览一遍就行。


Review procedures and tips
Adult college entrance examination review can be divided into three stages.
(1) the main task of the first stage (March -7) is to review comprehensively and consolidate the foundation. At this stage, we should follow the exam.
The outline lists the contents of the examination, comprehensively and systematically review the basic knowledge, and work hard on the basic concepts and basic principles.
The understanding should be deep and thorough, and the corner of death is not left. When reviewing basic knowledge, we should pay attention to methods and pay attention to the induction and analogy of knowledge points.
Analysis and synthesis, pay attention to the vertical and horizontal links between knowledge points, establish a basic knowledge framework, and grasp the basic knowledge.
Choroid.
(2) the main task of the second phase (August -9) is to focus on reviewing and strengthening exercises. At this stage, we should seize the review weight
At the same time, we should strengthen the examination hotspots, regular examination of knowledge points, at the same time strengthen practice, grasp basic methods, basic skills, and improve solutions.
Ability to question.
(3) the main task of the third phase (early September -10) is to sprint review and simulation test. At this stage, in the focus
At the same time, we should do the simulation test.  Through simulation tests, we can find out our weak links, so as to find out the deficiency.
The weak link focuses on the review. At the same time, through simulation test, it helps to familiarize ourselves with the examination scenario, arrange the time for answering questions reasonably, and adjust the time.
We should take an examination of the psychology to improve the ability to test.
How do we grasp the review stage and exam questions? The trick is:
Liberal arts: memory should be good at the content of a lot of memory in the liberal arts subjects. At present, we should make full use of all the time that can be used to attack these contents. The content of memory should pay attention to "grasp the big and let the small", not "beard eyebrows grasp". In the last period of time, no
We must get entangled in subtle knowledge, but grasp the great aspects. For example, the key points and main points of each chapter are at least.
To form a whole knowledge framework in the brain, you can know which part to look for when you see the topic.
Science: repeated practice to improve speed
When it comes to the final review of science, teachers generally believe that in the sprint stage, science should pay attention to practice and improve computing.
Ability. According to past experience, some candidates will do the title, but the computation is too slow, and the result will be affected. In addition to the subject
To be blind, do not have to do too much, choose carefully to do the questions. After each question is finished, we should analyze and summarize, thoroughly understand, and then do the next set.
Learning to correct mistakes can truly improve. In the process of making a question, if we find that one of our knowledge points is not yet grasped, we must immediately
Check out the vacancy.
Chinese: this year's composition will be made a major adjustment
From the annual exam situation, many candidates who are usually good at performance will not be allowed to take the exam time in the examination room, especially in the examination room.
Writing is very much, often not finished. As candidates, many of them have social work experience, so they only need to play normally.
With a certain depth of thought, you can get good marks. Unlike previous years, this year's adult college entrance essay will be written.
To make adjustments, before the adult college entrance examination questions were generally set, restricted genre, but this year's composition is changed to "optional action".
The topic is only to give a topic. The examinee set his own questions, and he set his own mind, set his own genre, completely unrestricted and adjusted accordingly.
The purpose is to give the examinee more space.  This question is first used in the Chinese test paper of the adult college entrance examination.
Strangeness, candidates should practice more in this aspect.


When writing a composition, we should grasp the main idea of the article and grasp the central idea in any style. Besides, we should understand the material inside.
Culvert; third, the composition should have a certain depth.
Math: give up when you meet a problem when you answer a problem
First of all, we should pay attention to the review of concepts. Syllabus is the first review material that all candidates need to do thoroughly. All concepts
It is necessary to make a clear understanding of the ripening and leak out the deficiency. When you are doing the problem, we should emphasize the quality of the problem. Since September, the subject is the examinee
This period of time must be added to the important content of practice. Comprehensive questions, mock questions and real topics of the years are the last stages of compulsory exercises.


This period of time must be added to the important content of practice. Comprehensive questions, mock questions and real topics of the years are the last stages of compulsory exercises.
From the math problems in recent years, there are no difficult questions. The test questions are mainly conventional questions, so long as the examinees can answer the general questions.
To be accurate, you can get about 120 points. English: pay more attention to doing exercises.
Accounting for 7%, vocabulary and grammar accounted for 27%, cloze test accounted for 13%, reading comprehension accounted for 40%, and essay writing accounted for 13%.
If candidates want to achieve good results in the examination, they must do more exercises in the final stage and read more English books and newspapers.
Vocabulary。 Through doing the topic, you can understand the writer's thoughts and understand the way of thinking. It is necessary to remind the examinee.
If you find that your answer is not consistent with the standard answer, you should not insist on your own.
Understand, adjust your thoughts. When reviewing grammar knowledge, you should not only memorize grammatical knowledge, but also find problems by doing exercises.
In what way do people pass a certain knowledge point?
When it comes to reading comprehension questions, you still need to master a lot of vocabulary if you want to get high marks in reading comprehension. In the answer
When you read a topic, read the article first and read a key word, a professional term, or a reading phrase.
Candidates should pay special attention to one point of view of the author.

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